From cars to livestock: here are the top 5 Egyptian imports


From cars to livestock: here are the top 5 Egyptian imports

Photo via Daily News Egypt

As the Russian invasion of Ukraine continues, the Egyptian economy, like other economies around the world, is currently grappling with the challenges caused by the conflict.

Although the Egyptian economy relies on a variety of internal resources such as tourism, natural gas and agriculture, it still relies heavily on imports. As a result, Egyptians are now wondering if the country’s self-sufficiency and resources are enough to protect it from a deepening global crisis.

According to Trading Economics, a website providing accurate economic indicators based on official sources, Egyptian imports reached a total of 7739 million USD (143 billion EGP) in March 2022, China, the United States and Saudi Arabia being among its main sources of imports.

On Saturday, Egyptian President Abdelfattah Al Sisi inaugurated the “Future Project for Agricultural Production”, covering 1.5 million feddans on the Cairo-Dabaa road. As Egypt is the largest wheat importer in the world, this national project aims to bridge the gap between production and import, maximize agricultural production and ultimately achieve food security and self-sufficiency in products. strategic.

Here is a list of the top Egyptian imports, from most to least, according to the United Nations COMTRADE International Trade Database.

Mineral fuels, oils and chemicals

About 25% of Egypt’s total imports are minerals and chemicals, mainly from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United States and Belgium. These include petroleum oils, petroleum gas, bitumen, solid fuels made from coal, and gaseous hydrocarbons.

Their imported value amounts to more than 10 million USD (184 million EGP).

Machines and mechanical devices

From automatic data processing machines to mechanical appliances, including faucets, boilers, refrigerators and air conditioners, Egypt imports most of its electrical machinery and appliances from China, Italy, Germany and Turkey.

These imports total nearly 6 million USD (110 million EGP).

Photo via Food Browser

Vehicles

In addition to rolling stock for railways and trams, Egypt imports motor vehicles such as tractors, bicycles, motorcycles, prams and chariots, as well as spare parts and accessories, mainly from Germany, China, Czech Republic and Turkey.

The value of imports amounts to more than 4 million USD (74 million EGP).

Agricultural products and livestock

Wheat, corn, rye, oats, rice and barley are all products that Egypt imports from Ukraine, Russia, Argentina and Brazil, worth almost 5 million USD (92 million EGP).

Despite disruptions from the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, Egypt saw an increase in wheat imports from Russia in March 2022. In April, Egypt’s cabinet said EGP 1.1 billion had been allocated to l General Authority for Commodity Supply and the Agricultural Bank of Egypt. to combat the local shortage of wheat. In addition, Egypt later announced India as a new supplier of wheat, as part of its plan to diversify import sources for wheat as a strategic commodity.

Electronic equipment

Imported from China, Vietnam, India and Germany, electronic equipment are the most obvious imports into the Middle East’s most populous country, with hardly any local variants appearing on the mass market.

Telephone sets, electrical transformers, static converters, monitors, projectors, sound recorders, and other electrical machinery and equipment make up the bulk of this category.

The value of the imports amounts to more than 1.5 million USD (28 million EGP).

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